Despite better glucose control, complications remain a serious threat in type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, diabetic kidney disease, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Research focuses on preventing, delaying, and reversing the development of these complications.
Some people with type 1 diabetes are at greater risk of developing complications, while others appear to be under a kind of natural protection. Further research is needed to gain a better understanding of this phenomenon.
Researchers are looking for genes and biomarkers that can predict the risk of developing complications, in order to clinically test treatments that can stop the development of these.